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IJIRTM: Volume-7, Issue-1, 2023

Paper Title : A Composite Microstrip-Monopole Antenna with 180 ̊ 1 dB Beamwidth Based on Complementary Sources Concept as a Review
Author Name : Ashwani Kuswaha, Dr.Neetesh Raghuwanshi
Keywords : Complementary source, microstrip patch antenna, monopole loading, wide beam width, IE3D SOFTWEAR.
Abstract :

Another point of view in light of correlative sources radiation is introduced for dissecting a wide beam composite microstripmonopole receiving wire. The run of the mill cavity model hypothesis shows that the radiation examples of the microstrip radio wire could be determined by utilizing two equal comparable attractive flows, also, the E-plane beam width of the customary microstrip receiving wire still up in the air by the cluster factor. Stacking the monopoles through the metal fix of the first microstrip receiving wire can build correlative sources. Two monopoles are evenly stacked and two sets of integral sources are invigorated. Strangely, the two sets of correlative sources are adjusted with in-stage attractive current radiation sources and anti phase electronic current radiation sources, which demonstrates two heart shaped radiation designs pointing in inverse bearings. The complete far-zone emanated fields blended by the two heart-formed radiation examples can introduce wide E-plane beamwidth execution. A model receiving wire working at 4.4 GHz is intended for confirmation. With the presentation of a differential taking care of plan for a balanced radiation design, the E-plane radiation design can cover the upper half plane, i.e., 180◦, with a variance of less than 1 dB and a radio wire gain of north of 3 dBi.

Download IJIRTM-7-1-0601202301
Paper Title : Design of Multilayer Wideband Monopole Microstrip Patch Antenna with 6 GHz to 12 GHz Frequency Range
Author Name : Ashwani Kuswaha, Dr.Neetesh Raghuwanshi, Dr.Bhagwat Kakde
Keywords : Complementary source, microstrip patch antenna, monopole loading, wide beam width, IE3D SOFTWEAR.
Abstract :

Present day correspondence framework require radio wire with more extensive data transfer capacity, more modest aspect, high addition and high productivity. Different radio wires for wide band activity have been read up for correspondence and radar framework. The utilization of monopole calculation in planning recieving wire has been a new subject of interest. Monopole radio wire is liked because of little size, light weight and simple establishment. A monopole microstrip radio wire is utilized for multiband application in this exposition we give a basic and proficient technique for getting the conservativeness. The proposed radio wire has been reproduced and improved utilizing IE3D Test system to cover standard recurrence groups like UWB its outcome with IE3D programming then, at that point, plan wideband with blend of monopole calculations with keeping same boundaries and radio wire aspects like level, width, length, dielectric steady, misfortune digressions, dielectric material and reenact its outcome with IE3D programming. We think about both outcome and we examine that ultra wideband monopole multi-facet microstrip fix radio wire with 6GHz to 12GHz transmission capacity gives better boundary result like VSWR (VSWR≤2) and Return Misfortune dB (Return misfortune ≤-9.5 dB) and practically 100 percent radiation Effectiveness. I additionally create this radio wire and measure return misfortune for different thunderous frequencies. Viable outcome shows receiving wire thunderous at ten distinct frequencies close enough 1-12GHz. which shows radio wire function as great multiband radio wire.

Download IJIRTM-7-1-0701202302
Paper Title : Thermal Analysis of Engine Cylinder Block with Fins Using Ansys Workbench
Author Name : Arvind Kumar, Dr.Shyam Brila
Keywords : Aluminum 6061, temperature , heat flux, cooling , fins. Geometry.
Abstract :

When fuel is burned in an engine, heat is produced. Additional heat is also generated by friction between the moving parts. Only approximately 30% of the energy released is converted into useful work while remaining 70% must be removed from the engine to prevent the parts from melting and A fin is a surface that extends from an object to increase the rate of heat transfer to or from the environment by increasing convection. The amount of conduction, convection, radiation of an object determines the amount of heat it transfers and here used one material aluminum 6061 exiting with four different likes geometry rectangular, circular, angular fins, curved fins and curved geometry. Aluminum 6061 then all geometry like rectangular, circular, angular fins and rectangular fins geometry and curved fins geometry get temperature results respectively 2850C, 2850C, 285.50 C and 2850C. and 2850C. Here take aluminum 6061 then all four geometry like rectangular, circular, angular fins and curved geometry get heat flux results respectively. 4 w/mm2, 0.55w/mm2, 2.78 w/mm2 and 4.7 w/mm2. So here suggested curved fins geometry is better compared to all geometry.

Download IJIRTM-7-1-0701202303
Paper Title : Comparison of Densities and Surface Tension with Literature Data for Pure Components at 293.15, 298.15, 303.15 and 313.15 k.
Author Name : Tarachand Badghaia, Dr.Neelu Jain
Keywords : liquid particle movement, liquid chemistry, Liquid mixture, Solid state.
Abstract :

The study of thermodynamics and transport properties of liquid and liquid mixture is an important part of liquid chemistry. Chiefly, liquid particle movement, surface tension, viscosity, liquid crystals are the vital part of study in liquid chemistry. The transport properties (viscosity, thermal conductivity and diffusion coefficient) of liquids and gases (fluids) are important for the most efficient engineering design of many processes in the oil, chemical and biotechnological industries. They characterize the response of a fluid to changes in its temperature, speed of flow or composition. Present thesis entitled “Critical Analysis of Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Liquid and Liquid Mixture”, is divided into five chapters.

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Paper Title : The Role of Self Help Group and NGO’s for Promoting Living Standard of Deprived and Slum Area People (with Special Reference of Bhopal City)
Author Name : Dr.Farha Khan
Keywords : Self-Help Group, Deprived, Achieving Social Justice, Sustainable living standard , quality, Women empowerment and Society etc.
Abstract :

The Self Help Group is important initiative schemes used to by the government to promote deprived and needy people. We all know that number of deprived and other population in India are surviving; their families are getting benefits through Self help groups. In this research paper we cover the position of Self-help Group in Socio-economic development of India. Self-help Groups are playing important role in this field like such as living standard, awareness of running schemes of SHG by the government. The Self Help Group programs are promotion and expertise support, communication level of members, self confidence among members. Women Empowerment is a initiatives by the government that helps women to retain self-respect over their own lives in communities and society. It is also a procedure, which enables to realize his or her identity and power in all aspects of life. Through the SHG we try in this research paper to aware the Women Empowerment within, the factors- social, monetary, political, personal, familial, and cultural at various spheres. Self help groups are seen instruments for empowering women, developing leadership abilities among deprived people.

Download IJIRTM-7-1-0701202305
Paper Title : Unveiling the Threat: Exploring the World of Computer Viruses
Author Name : Dr.B.K. Verma, Dr.Shashi Bhushan
Keywords : Malware, Virus, Classification.
Abstract :

There has been considerable interest in computer viruses since they first appeared in 1981, and especially in the past few years as they have reached epidemic numbers in many personal computer environments. Viruses have been written about as a security problem, as a social problem, and as a possible means of performing useful tasks in a distributed computing environment. However, only recently have some scientists begun to ask if computer viruses are not a form of artificial life a self-replicating organism. Simply because computer viruses do not exist as organic molecules may not be sufficient reason to dismiss the classification of this form of “vandal ware” as a form of life. This paper begins with a description of how computer viruses operate and their history, and of the various ways computer viruses are structured. It then examines how viruses meet properties associated with life as defined by some researchers in the area of artificial life and self-organizing systems. The paper concludes with some comments directed towards the definition of artificially “alive” systems and experimentation.

Download IJIRTM-7-1-0701202306